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Seminars

General Departmental Seminar Series

Understand Racial Disparities in Cancer Cures:
Results from Large Population Science Studies

Yi Li, PhD
Department of Biostatistics
Harvard University

 

Friday, November 16
12:00 pm
5275 MSC

 

ABSTRACT
This talk  discusses cure detection  among the prostate cancer
patients in the NIH population-based Surveillance Epidemiology and End
Results (SEER) program, wherein the main endpoint (e.g.  deaths from
prostate cancer) and the censoring causes (e.g. deaths from heart
diseases) may be dependent. While a  number of authors  have
studied  the  mixture survival model to analyze survival data
with nonnegligible cure fractions, none has studied the mixture cure
model in the presence of dependent censoring. To account for such
dependence, we propose a  more general class of cure models that
allow for dependent censoring.  We derive the cure  models from
the perspective of competing risks and model the dependence between the
censoring time and the survival time using a class of  Archimedean
copula models. Within this framework, we consider the parameter
estimation,  the cure detection, and the  two- sample comparison of latency 
distributions in the presence of dependent censoring when a proportion of
patients is deemed cured. Large sample results using the martingale theory
are obtained. We examine the finite sample performance of the proposed
methods via simulation and apply them to analyze the SEER prostate cancer data.

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